CPTED strategies

CPTED practitioners make use of a number of time honoured CPTED strategies that are derived from the three main concepts.  The following represents a list of the most beneficial and oft considered strategies:

    1. Provide clear border definition of controlled space.
    2. Provide clearly marked transitional zones which indicated movement from semi-public to private space.
    3. Locate gathering areas in places that benefit from natural surveillance and access control.
    4. strategies-4Place safe activities in “unsafe” (vulnerable) locations to increase the natural surveillance of these locations.  This will increase the perception of safety within these areas while increasing the perception of risk in offenders. An example of this strategy is illustrated by the indoor recreation centre that was strategically placed at the rear of a high rise residential building that had been experiencing problems. The problems were eliminated once the centre was opened.
    5. Place “unsafe” (vulnerable) activities in safe spots to overcome the vulnerability of these activities with the natural surveillance and access control of the safe area.
    6. strategies-6An example of this strategy is illustrated by the kindergarten play area contained within this school .courtyard which was protected by a roof. Designate the use of space to provide natural barriers to conflicting activities.
    7. Improve scheduling of space to allow for effective use and appropriate critical intensity.
    8. Design space to increase the perception or reality of natural surveillance.  An example of this strategy is illustrated by the homes in this subdivision which are oriented towards the entrance to the cul-de-sac the homes are found on.
    9. Screen Shot 2014-03-17 at 1.44.15 PMOrient driveways and paths towards natural forms of surveillance such as building entrances and windows.

A working knowledge of CPTED strategies can be used as a source of Ideas for incorporating CPTED principles.  A CPTED analysis should be conducted before CPTED principles are applied.