Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design

CPTED Basic Level 1 Course Outline

(Theory )

Course Criteria:

  • Minimum – 4 days

Part 1: Introduction to CPTED

  • Definition of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design
  • The need and benefits of CPTED
  • CPTED Stakeholders
  • Types of CPTED Approaches
    – Reactive
    – Proactive
  • Asking the right questions:
    – Introduction to Paradigms
    – Concepts of Paradigms
    – Crime Environments through the offender’s eyes
  • Background, History and Influences:
    – C. Ray Jeffery
    – Oscar Newman
    – Jane Jacobs
    – Timothy Crowe

Part 2: Crime and Prevention

  • Crime Prevention
    – Definition
    – Crime triangle
  • Criminal Desires
  • A micro spatial approach to crime opportunity

Part 3: CPTED Concepts

  • Surveillance
    – Natural
    – Mechanical
    – Organized
  • Access Control
    – Natural
    – Mechanical
    – Organized
  • Territorial Reinforcement
    – Maintenance
    – Defensible Space
    – Broken Window Theory
  • Target Hardening
    – Lighting
    – CCTV
    – Alarms
    – Barriers
    – Conventional “crime analysis”

Part 4: CPTED Strategies:

  • 3D approach to Space Assessment
    – Designation
    – Definition
    – Design
  • Nine CPTED Strategies
    – Clear border definition
    – Relocation of gathering areas
    – Unsafe activities/Safe locations
    – Safe activities/Unsafe locations
    – Scheduling of space
    – Overcoming distance and location
    – Marked transitions; zones
    – Provide natural barriers
    – Perception of natural surveillance

Part 5

Forms versus Function – The Battle with Aesthetics*

  • Proactive CPTED
  • Benefits: CPTED is just good design
  • How to use CPTED as a good planning and design tool
  • Introduction of CPTED in the Planning Process
    – Site Plan Process
    – The Planning Act
    – Site Plan Review Exercise

* This part should be taught by design professional, a member of the Ontario Association of Architects, the Ontario Association of Landscape Architects or the Ontario Professional Planners Institute.

Part 6

Introduction to CPTED Analysis

  • Crime Analysis and Problem Identification
  • Demographics
  • Land Use Compatibilities (neighbouring)
  • Observations
    – Environmental cues ie: maintenance
    – Movement predictors – Entrapment spots
    – Leftover spaces – Landscape practices
    – Signs
  • Residents or Users Interviews
  • Field Exercise

Part 6

CPTED Application

  • Where CPTED can work
  • Limitations
  • CPTED disclaimer
  • CPTED and Workplace Violence Legislation
  • Introduction to CPTED Ontario

NOTES: Case Studies must be used to demonstrate elements of the course. 

 

Revised: January 31, 2015