Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design

On July 25, 2017, CPTED Ontario Board of Directors approved the following Course Outlines for the CPTED Basic Level 1 and CPTED Advanced Level 2 courses. These course outlines will be basis for the  educational component of the proposed CPTED Certification Process.

CPTED Basic Level 1 Course Outline

(Theory )

Course Criteria:

  • Minimum – 32 hours

Part 1: Introduction to CPTED

  • Definition of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design
  • The need and benefits of CPTED
  • CPTED Stakeholders
  • Types of CPTED Approaches
    – Reactive
    – Proactive
  • Asking the right questions:
    – Introduction to Paradigms
    – Concepts of Paradigms
    – Crime Environments through the offender’s eyes
  • Background, History and Influences:
    – C. Ray Jeffery
    – Oscar Newman
    – Jane Jacobs
    – Timothy Crowe

Part 2: Crime and Prevention

  • Crime Prevention
    – Definition
    – Crime triangle
  • Criminal Desires
  • A micro spatial approach to crime opportunity

Part 3: CPTED Concepts

  • Surveillance
    – Natural
    – Mechanical
    – Organized
  • Access Control
    – Natural
    – Mechanical
    – Organized
  • Territorial Reinforcement
    – Maintenance
    – Defensible Space
    – Broken Window Theory
  • Target Hardening
    – Lighting
    – CCTV
    – Alarms
    – Barriers
    – Conventional “crime analysis”

Part 4: CPTED Strategies:

  • 3D approach to Space Assessment
    – Designation
    – Definition
    – Design
  • Nine CPTED Strategies
    – Clear border definition
    – Relocation of gathering areas
    – Unsafe activities/Safe locations
    – Safe activities/Unsafe locations
    – Scheduling of space
    – Overcoming distance and location
    – Marked transitions; zones
    – Provide natural barriers
    – Perception of natural surveillance

Part 5

Forms versus Function – The Battle with Aesthetics*

  • Proactive CPTED
  • Benefits: CPTED is just good design
  • How to use CPTED as a good planning and design tool
  • Introduction of CPTED in the Planning Process
    – Site Plan Process
    – The Planning Act
    – Site Plan Review Exercise

* This part should be taught by design professional, a member of the Ontario Association of Architects, the Ontario Association of Landscape Architects or the Ontario Professional Planners Institute.

Part 6

Introduction to CPTED Analysis

  • Crime Analysis and Problem Identification
  • Demographics
  • Land Use Compatibilities (neighbouring)
  • Observations
    – Environmental cues ie: maintenance
    – Movement predictors – Entrapment spots
    – Leftover spaces – Landscape practices
    – Signs
  • Residents or Users Interviews
  • Field Exercise

Part 6

CPTED Application

  • Where CPTED can work
  • Limitations
  • CPTED disclaimer
  • CPTED and Workplace Violence Legislation
  • Introduction to CPTED Ontario

NOTES: Case Studies must be used to demonstrate elements of the course. 

Revised: January 31, 2015


CPTED Level 2 Course Outline

(Practical)

Course Criteria:

  • Minimum – 32 hours
  • Students required to have taken CPTED Basic Level 1 Course
  • Students can not take the Advanced Level 2 Course within a six (6) month period of completing the Basic Level 1 Course 
  • Students must demonstrated the usage of the CPTED principles and strategies, in their work

Part 1: CPTED Refresher:

  • Class members 
  • Introductions
  • Outline their CPTED experiences since the Level 1 course
  • Expectations
  • Quick Review of the CPTED concepts and applications

Part 2: Using the Environment to Affect Behaviors:

  • Space and the impact of social dynamics
  • Defensible Space
  • Undefended Space
  • Offensible Space
  • Ambiguous/Indefensible Space
  • Hierarchy of Space
  • 3D approach to Developing Exterior Space
  • 3D approach to Developing Interior Space
  • Loitering 
  • Loitering Matrix
  • Anti -loitering devices and methods
  • Public Nuisance
  • Skateboarding
  • Graffiti
  • Vandalism

Part 3: CPTED Field Audits:

  • Why conduct a field audit
  • How to conduct a field audit
  • Basic Information needed to conduct a CPTED Audit
  • Tools for a field audit
  • Field audit methodology
  • Field audit reports
  • CPTED disclaimer
  • CPTED Audit Exercise 
  • Exterior application
  • Interior application
  • CPTED Audit Presentation to class

Part 4: Proactive CPTED*

  • Municipal Site Plan Process
  • How does CPTED fit into the Municipal Site Plan Process
  • How to implement CPTED into the Municipal Site Plan Process
  • How to read a Site or Landscape Plan
  • How to read the essentials elements of a plan in order to conduct a CPTED review
  • How to read the site and/or landscape plan from a 3 dimensional perspective
  • How to read building plans
  • How to read the essentials elements of a plan in order to conduct a CPTED review
  • CPTED in Public Spaces
  • Parks and open spaces
  • Public facilities
  • Renovations
  • New construction

* This part should be taught by design professional, a member of the Ontario Association of Architects, the Ontario Association of Landscape Architects or the Ontario Professional Planners Institute.

Part 5: Target Hardening:

  • Physical Security Strategies
  • Lighting
  • Effectiveness of CCTV
  • Locks, hardware, window security, alarms 
  • Barriers

Part 6: Lessons from the Field

  • An opportunity for the class to bring their own projects which they have worked or are working on to receive input and feedback from the instructors and class members.

Revised: July 25, 2017